Santosh Gurav gained a bachelor's degree in technology from a mid-tier college in western India last year, specializing in electrical engineering and hoping to land a job in industrial automation.
Six months on, the 27-year-old repairs household appliances at a cramped shop in the western city of Pune. He earns about $50 a month, just enough to cover the rent.
"I haven't even started repaying my education loan," Gurav says.
He is one of hundreds of thousands of engineers—studying everything from computer code to civil engineering—that India's education system churns out each year, many with large loans and little prospect of finding a job in their field.
Employers often complain about the lack of skilled engineering and technology graduates, says Varun Aggarwal, co-founder of the skills assessment firm Aspiring Minds. Its surveys show over 80 percent of the engineers India produces are not employable. "Many can't even write basic code," Aggarwal says.
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