While the participation of women in research is increasing overall, inequality remains across geographies and subject areas in terms of publication outputs, citations, awarded grants, and collaborations. That is among the findings of "The Researcher Journey Through a Gender Lens," a report from Elsevier which examines research participation, career progression, and perceptions across the European Union and 15 countries globally in 26 subject areas.
The report draws on Elsevier's analytics expertise and data sources and is further informed by experts from around the world. The aim is to better understand the role gender plays in the global research enterprise and share powerful data-driven insights with governments, funders, and institutions worldwide to inspire evidence-based policy and interventions and inform further studies.
The report identifies two opposing opinions on the causes of gender imbalance and inequality in academia. Some groups (men and women) attribute gender inequality to the attitudes and ambition levels of women. Other groups attribute gender inequality to a systemic and cultural (unconscious) bias against women.
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