Women are underrepresented in leadership positions throughout the information technology industry. While more and more women are earning degrees in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields, they don't necessarily pursue careers in IT, because they don't see opportunities for growth.
New research from the Lally School of Management at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute examines how gender affects the likelihood of promotions in the context of the IT industry. "Onward and Upward? An Empirical Investigation of Gender and Promotions in Information Technology Services" is published in Information Systems Research.
Using a five-year dataset of the promotions, demographics, performance, and training records of more than 7,000 employees at a leading IT services firm in India, Nishtha Langer, an assistant professor of business analytics at Rensselaer, determined that gender is a strong predictor of promotion.
"Contrary to our theoretical expectations, we find that women were more likely to be promoted," Langer says.
Little prior research has examined archival data to understand the interplay of gender, performance, and training affects promotions in the IT industry to this extent. Even as IT firms embrace fairer organizational policies and egalitarian work environments, the study finds that that subtle discrimination against women in IT continues to exist. However, the study also points out effective strategies women in IT can use to forge ahead in their chosen career paths.
Langer conjectures that women are likely promoted more often because they are considered more helpful and trustworthy compared to men, and because — as a result of disparities in pay — they are often a lower-cost option.
However, when it comes to promotions based solely on performance improvements, Langer says her findings were less encouraging for women.
"Beyond all this good news for women in IT, men continue to show a higher likelihood of promotion from performance improvements," Langer says. "So, to me, that speaks to a more subtle form of discrimination compared to more overt forms of discrimination."
A more effective tool for women to signal their preparedness for promotion, Langer says, is to take training courses. They are more likely to be promoted than men who take the same training. According to the research, women may be more opportunistic when it comes to enrolling for courses that ensure faster promotions. They may also be more adept at translating knowledge gains into promotability.
Although the researchers' study focuses on IT labor markets, Langer says the findings are generalizable to women in other male-dominated industries, particularly those in STEM areas.