Two key problems in India's water sector are the estimation of dry-spell vulnerability during kharif, the monsoon season, and the design of water and energy-planning inputs to help villages undertake demand-side management during rabi, the post-monsoon season.
In this article, we report our joint work with the Government of Maharashtra's Department of Agriculture on a World Bank-assisted program called the Project on Climate Resilient Agriculture, or PoCRA. The project is spread over 5,000 villages in 15 districts of Maharashtra (see Figure 1). Its main objective is to make smallholder farmers resilient to climate variability through targeted interventions. A key strategy is to promote water and energy budgeting in these villages and to supplement the community infrastructure and the capabilities of individual farmers.