Most programmers are self-educated and have received little formal training, according to a new Stack Overflow survey of 50,000 coders.
A majority--69.1%--were self-taught, while 43.9% received on-the-job training, and 34.8% earned a bachelor's degree in computer science.
The best-paid programmers where those with a Ph.D., yet they comprised only 2.1% of survey respondents.
Full-stack Web developers accounted for 28% of respondents, and back-end Web developers constituted 12.2%.
Coders of mobile apps made up 8.3% and desktop app developers totaled 6.9%, while only 2.2% of developers focused on DevOps.
Developers under 30 years old made up 59% of all programmers, and 92.8% of respondents were male, versus 5.8% female.
Oddly, the largest group of female developers was aged 20 to 24, at 7.2%, and then it declined to the 35- to 39-year-old group at 4.2%, then rose again. Coders older than 60 comprised the second-largest female developer group at 7.1%.
From Network World
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