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Medical AI, Radiologist Experts May Be Vulnerable to Adversarial Attacks

By News-Medical Life Sciences

December 23, 2021

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Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh and from China deceived an artificial intelligence (AI) breast cancer diagnosis model and human specialists with doctored mammograms.

The researchers trained a deep learning algorithm to differentiate between cancerous and benign cases with over 80% accuracy, then engineered an image-altering generative adversarial network. The model was tricked by 69.1% of the tampered images, while five human radiologists identified image authenticity with 29% to 71% accuracy, depending on the individual.

The study is published in Nature Communications.

"What we want to show with this study is that this type of attack is possible, and it could lead AI models to make the wrong diagnosis — which is a big patient safety issue," says Shandong Wu, an assistant professor in the Department of Biomedical Informatics at the University of Pittsburgh.

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