The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) and at least three other publishers are vetting manuscripts for duplicate images using artificial intelligence.
AACR's Daniel Evanko said the publisher selected Israel-based Proofig's software to screen submissions for duplicates before publication.
The software extracts and compares images from papers in pairs to find common characteristics, including partial duplications.
Proofig's Dror Kolodkin-Gal said the software can correct for issues like compression artifacts.
Editors still must decide what to do when the software cites images; if datasets are deliberately shown twice, with explanations, then repeated images might be suitable, while some duplications might not be fraud, but caused by copy-and-paste errors.
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