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U.S. Border Patrol Finally Able to Check E-Passport Data

By Wired

February 16, 2023

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The U.S. government is notorious for taking a "better late than never" approach to its tech rollouts. Following that tradition, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) confirmed that after 16 years it has finally performed the necessary software upgrades to verify the cryptographic signatures stored in passport RFID chips

Since 2006, the U.S. and many other countries have embedded these little chips in the back panel of their passports, or "e-Passports" as they're known. The chip digitally stores the personally identifying information of the document's owner, including name, date of birth, passport number, and biometric data like your photo, along with a cryptographic signature meant to act as a check against tampering or forgeries. For years, the U.S. has required that Visa Waiver countries issue e-Passports to their citizens who want to enter the U.S.. Yet in all this time, CBP hadn't actually deployed the software to execute these validity checks.

In early 2018, U.S. senator Ron Wyden of Oregon and former senator Claire McCaskill of Missouri wrote a letter to CBP calling on the agency to implement the cryptographic verification, given that the RFID e-Passport infrastructure had been in place for years. Last week, five years after that request, CBP informed Wyden's office that it has had the e-Passport verification system up and running since June 2022.

CBP says that so far the validation process has checked more than 3 million passports from Visa Waiver program travelers and has "contributed" to the arrest of 12 people who were allegedly attempting to enter the U.S. with "fraudulent" identification.

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