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Stop the Emerging AI Cold War

By Nature

May 12, 2021

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A race to militarize artificial intelligence (AI) is gearing up, contends Denise Garcia, a professor at Northeastern University in Boston, MA, and vice-chair of the International Committee for Robot Arms Control. Two years ago, the U.S. Congress created the National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence (NSCAI). This March, it recommended that the U.S. must accelerate AI technologies to preserve national security and remain competitive with China and Russia.

Garcia believes this will undermine the United States' ability to lead emerging global norms on AI. In April, she cites, the European Commission published the first international legal framework for making AI secure and ethical; in January, the European Parliament issued guidelines stating that military AI should not replace human decisions and oversight. By contrast, the NSCAI recommendations advocate "the integration of AI-enabled technologies into every facet of war-fighting."

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